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Japanese Stock Candlesticks Patterns Explained - Japanese Stock Trading Candlesticks Patterns Technical Analysis - How to Use Japanese Candlesticks in Stock Trading

Understanding Candlesticks in Stock Trading - How to Read Candlesticks in Stock Trading - Japanese Stock Trading Candlestick Patterns PDF

Brief History

Candlesticks were developed in the 18th century by the legendary rice trader called Homma Munehisa to give an overview of opening, high, low and closing market stock price over a given period of time.


They were used by the legendary rice trader to predict future market stock prices. After dominating the rice market, Munehisa eventually moved to the Tokyo exchanges where he gained a huge fortune using this analysis. He is said to have made over 100 consecutive winning trades.


Types of Stock charts

There are 3 types of charts used in Stock: Line, bar and candlesticks .


Line - plots a continuous line connecting closing stock prices of a stock trading instrument.

Line Chart in Stock Trading



Bars- displayed as sequence of OHCL bars. OHCL represents OPEN HIGH LOW & CLOSE. The Opening stock price is displayed as a horizontal dash on the left and closing stock price as a horizontal dash on the right.

Bar Chart in Stock Trading



The main disadvantage of a bars is that it is not visually appealing, therefore most stock traders don't use them.


Candlesticks - these use the same stock price data as bar charts (open, high, low, and close). However, they in a much more visually identifiable way which resembles a candle with wicks on both ends.


How to Interpret

The rectangle part is called the body.

The high and low are described as shadows and drawn as poking lines.

Trading Stock Candlesticks Stock Trading Chart Patterns


The color is either blue or red

  • (Blue or Green Color) - Stock Prices moved up
  • (Red Color) - Stock Prices moved down


Most trading platforms like the MetaTrader 4, use colors to mark the direction. colors used are blue or green; when stock price moves up, red; when stock price moves down.


Stock Candlestick Vs. Bar Charts

Candlesticks Vs. Bars


When candlesticks are used it is very easy to see if the stock price moved up or down as opposed to when a bars are used.


The Japanese techniques also have very many formations that are used to trade the Stock Trading market. These patterns have different technical analysis interpretation and the most common are:

Marubozu Stock Trading Candlestick Pattern and Doji Stock Trading Candlestick Pattern
Spinning Tops
Reversal Patterns
Inverted Hammer Stock Trading Candlestick Pattern and Shooting Star Stock Trading Candlestick Pattern
Piercing Line Stock Trading Candlestick Pattern and Dark Cloud Cover Stock Trading Candlestick Pattern
Morning Star Candlesticks and Evening Star Candlesticks


The above patterns is what makes the Japanese candlesticks popular among technical traders and it is why this type of analysis are the most widely used when it comes to analyzing the stock trading market. The analysis for these pattern formations in Stock trading is the same as that one used in stock trading.


Drawing These Charts on MetaTrader 4 Stock Trading Platform

To draw these on the MetaTrader 4, select the charts drawing tools within the "MetaTrader 4 Toolbar" - shown below.


MetaTrader 4 Line, Bar, Candlestick Chart Drawing Tool Bar


To view this toolbar on MetaTrader 4 go to "View" Next to file at the top left corner of the MetaTrader 4 Platform, Click "View", Then Click "Toolbars", Then check the "Charts" Button. The above toolbar will appear.


Once the above toolbar, appears you can then select the type you want to convert to, If you want to view using the bar format, click the bar tool button as shown above, for line format click the line tool button, for Japanese candlesticks format click the "candlesticks tool button".


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