Stock Trading Market Hours and The 3 Major Stock Sessions
London Close Charts
To maximize the number of trading opportunities during these Stock hours, it is important to be aware of the times when the stocks trading market is busiest. This is the time that most stock trading transaction activity occurs.
Even though there is no official open and close time during the week, it can be broken up into 3 major Stock sessions - Tokyo, London and New York sessions.
However, although it seems not to be very important at the beginning, the right time to trade is one of the most crucial points required to be a successful investor.
The best time is when the stocks trading market is most active and therefore has the biggest volume of transactions. A more active market creates a good chance to make some profit while a calm and slow one is literally a waste of time - turn off your computer and don't even bother stock trading at this time.
Not all the times are suitable, that's because the volatility keeps changing. Below is a table outlining the schedule of Stock Sessions. The time used is GMT 0
The 3 major sessions are:
- Asian Session Hours( Tokyo ): 00:00 - 9:00 GMT
- European Session Hours( London ): 7:00 - 17:00 GMT
- U.S. Session Hours( New York ): 13:00 - 22:00 GMT
Best Trading Times
There are hours when two sessions are overlapped:
London + Tokyo overlap - 7:00 - 9:00 GMT
New York + London overlap - 13:00 - 17:00 GMT
At these overlapping market hours you will find the highest volume of stock trading transactions and therefore more chances to win during these hours.
This means that the lion share of stock trading transactions is happening between the London session and US sessions. Naturally this is the best time to make profits.
The stock prices moves a lot during the New York and London Sessions because Multinational companies, hedge funds, managed funds and banks are open for transacting.
Multinationals will transact stock during this time to facilitate international business transactions and commerce, hedge funds and managed funds will trade stock for investment purposes, banks on the other hand will exchange a lot of money on behalf of their clients, maybe tourists wanting to travel around the globe or just anyone wanting to exchange money so as to buy something in another country or make some transaction.
This makes the stocks trading market very liquid at this time and the high volume of transactions means that stock prices move a lot. at this time the stock charts will generally move in particular direction and form a short term trend.
As a stock trader you also want to join in when everyone is placing their stock orders as this is the time there is enough liquidity and many good opportunities to make money, and because there is a lot of liquidity the stocks price movement will generally be more predictable unlike when there is little liquidity and the stocks price movement becomes unpredictable and the stock prices can move in a range bound with no particular direction.
Once you trade stock for a while you will get to know that is easier to make money when the stocks trading market is moving up or moving down, unlike when it is in a range.
Asian Session Characteristics:
- Least volatile of the three sessions
- Account for 15% of daily transaction turnover
- Typical 20 -30 pip moves
European Session Characteristics:
- Most volatile of the three sessions
- 35% of daily transaction volume
- Typical 90 -150 pip moves
US Session Characteristics:
- 2nd most volatile of the three sessions
- Accounts for 25% of daily turnover
- Focuses on US economic news
US and Europe Session Overlaps Characteristics:
- Combines the two most volatile trading sessions
- Accounts for 60% of total daily transaction turnover
- Focuses on USA and European economic news
- Fast moving stock prices and stock trends in a particular direction